Unfortunately the rules are complicated (so complicated we had to write a book about it). Here are a couple of U.S. legal principles to help you avoid the penalty box:
- Ownership of a copyrighted photo doesn't give you the right to reproduce it. So, paying for copies of photos won't shield you from a lawsuit if you use them in your book without permission.
- Any photo that originated after 1970 is likely to be under copyright and use without permission is an infringement (unless excused by a claim of fair use).
- If your book is published by an American publisher, you'll likely have to make a contractual promise that you acquired proper permissions and that your work does not infringe.
- If you're reproducing posters or similar imagery, the smaller the better (for purposes of a U.S. fair use argument).
- Your photos of ticket stubs are fine to use as are any photos containing otherwise uncopyrightable data.